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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Rampur, Raza Library, Arabic 4190

[Colour scanned images of the body text and covers, outer margins cut off; pp. 30-31 and 35 ‎missing altogether.‎]

Collection: Arabic.‎ Date:

part I (pp. 1-34) undated; part II (pp. 36-46): first half of the 12th/18th c.

Or.:

unknown; copied by several unknown scribes.

Prov.:

a reference to planetary positions at the end of 1120/beginning of 1709 (p. 44); statement of a collation done in 1127/1715 against a manuscript with 131 folios (p. 48); added computations (pp. 36-44 and 47) bearing dates from 1146/1733-4 to 1161/1748; one unclear and three erased statements (p. 48). Registration statement by the Raza Library (old shelfmark 3444, dated 16 May 1914); a further old shelfmark ST 13625 (p. 1).

Cod.:

white paper turned brownish, 48 pp. (paginated with Hindu-Arabic numerals in pencil at the top centre, catchwords). Hand of part I: black nashk with nastaʿlīq influence, at times quick and clumsy; oversized section headings in the Ptolemaic work (faṣl with abjad number) followed by prolonged qāla; partially dotted ductus with some vowels, shaddas and hamzas. Part II: additions by several naskh hands. Tables (pp. 44-45): neat, black and red with red frame and titles. Abjad and less frequently Hindu-Arabic numerals. Codex damaged by insects; some moisture-stains; restored outer margins; transparent tape pasted along the binding and on the written area. Dimensions of the pages: 307×224 mm (Arshi); written area c. 265×190 mm (estimated); 26 to 30 lines per page (mostly 28). Recent red leather covers; golden title on the spine. Type III binding.

Cont.:

astrology and astronomy. — Index: Ptolemaica (pp. 1-26); a short table (27); extracts from Abū Maʿshar (pp. 28-29, 32-33); extracts from al-Qabīṣī (p. 34); a chapter with Angelic script (p. 36); astronomical computations for the years 1146-1161/1733-1748 (pp. 36-44 and 47); table for the position of 123 fixed stars in the lunar mansions (indicated in the top margin to be for 710 Hijra, pp. 44-45); a large, incomplete double-argument table (p. 46); . Blank: presumably pp. 30-31 and 35.

Lit.:

Imtiyaz Ali Arshi, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in Raza Library, Rampur, Vol. V: Mathematics, Medicine, Natural Science, Agriculture, Occult Sciences, Ethics & Politics, Education & Military Science, Rampur: Raza Library, 1975, pp. 478-479.

pp. 1‑26

\p. 2\ ⟨…⟩ قد قدّمنا لك يا سَوْرِي كتابًا فيما تؤثّر الكواكب في عالم التركيب كثيرة المنفعة في تقدمة العلم بمعرفتها وهذا الكتاب ثمرة ما اشتملت عليه تلك الكتب وقد حصّلناه مائة كلمة موجز على الحصر والتجريد منها وعرف وليس يميل إلى معرفة من لم ينعم النظر في جميع ما قدّمنا قبله من العلوم في علوم أخر من علوم الرياضة فكان سعيدًا. — \p. 26\ ⟨…⟩ فهذا ما حضرني أيدك الله من تفسير كتاب بطلميوس وأرجو أن يكون مطيعًا لمعاسر مستوفيًا لشرحه والصواب لك أن يمنعه ممّن لا يؤثّر فيه إلاّ التكبّر يملكه ويرى حضره حصوله تمّ كتاب الثمرة المسمى اقطرسطا ومعناه المائة كلمة اختصرها بطليموس من كتبه وكتب سائر الحكماء وقرّبها من فهم المرياضين بهذه الصناعة الجليلة والعلم النفيس الدالّ على توحيد الله وجلاله وجبروته وعظمته لا مبدّل لكلمات الله ولا رادّ حكمه وهو السميع العليم.

= Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf ibn Ibrāhīm ibn al-Dāya, Tafsīr Kitāb al-Thamara (C.3.0930), version with 100 verba. — Title: Kalimāt Baṭlamiyūs wa-hadhā Kitāb al-Thamarāt wa-Tafsīruhā li-l-ḥakīm Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-miṣrī al-munajjim mufassir al-kalimāt (p. 1). — Additional titles: Sharḥ-i Thamarāt (crossed out, p. 1); Kitāb al-Thamara al-musammā a-q-ṭ-r-s-ṭ-ā (explicit, p. 26). — Index: title page, p. 1; author’s introduction, p. 2; commentator’s introduction, p. 2; 100 verba intertwined with Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf’s commentary, pp. 2-26. — Commentator’s colophon as transcribed above; no scribal colophon. Corrections (ṣḥ) and some conjectures () by the main scribe; short glosses by a different hand in the margin and between the lines. 147 fuṣūl constituted by the 100 verba and many lemmata of the commentary mistakenly numbered as independent items. Actual verbum 82 not numbered. Verbum 98 skipped and substituted by Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf’s commentary.