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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, A 29

[Inspected on 10 April 2019; black and white microfilm scans of the body text.‎]

Collection: Arabic.‎ Date:

mid Shaʿbān-second decade of Ramaḍān 916/end of November-third decade of December 1510 (colophons); last work defective but apparently copied by the same hand.

Or.:

Unknown, possibly Arabic peninsula; copied by Yūsuf ⟨b.⟩ Yaḥyā ⟨b.⟩ Ṣāliḥ al-Qurashī (24r).

Prov.:

a seal reading yā khāfī l-alṭāf / ʿabduhū Muṣṭafā / najjinā mim-mā nakhāfu (13r); computations for a conjunction in 950/1543 and for the great conjunctions of 950/1544, 971/1564 and 992/1583-4, and an ownership statement by Muḥammad b. ʿAlī Ṣāliḥ al-Baṣrī dated […] Ṣafar 1117/May-June 1705 (11r); 196 in Hindu-Arabic numerals (p. I). The manuscript belongs to the “nuovo fondo” acquired by Eugenio Griffini and others from Giuseppe Caprotti, an Italian merchant active in Yemen between 1880 and 1909, and later donated to the Biblioteca Ambrosiana (Griffini, p. vii).

Cod.:

white paper turned to yellowish-brownish (ff. 1-26), grey paper (pp. I and Ia, pasted on the covers); p. I + 26 ff. + p. Ia (foliated with Arabic-European numerals on both the top left recto and low middle recto folios, catchwords). A single small and neat black naskh hand; titles, chapter headings in bold; some expressions (kalima with ordinal number, qāla Baṭlamiyūs, qāla al-mufassir) in bold or red; mostly undotted ductus with occasional vowels and v-shaped superscript. Very few marginalia by the same hand; computations, notes and diagrams in several different naskh hands (ff. 11r, 12r). Diagrams drawn without ruler, in black and red; many reserved spaces for diagrams; abjad or Hindu-Arabic numerals mostly in red. Readibility heavily affected by insects, moisture stains and numerous paper slips pasted on the pages in an attempt to restore the manuscript; binding mostly loose, reinforced on ff. 8v-9r. The manuscript was part of a larger collection, since 1r preserves a colophon and the last work is defective. Dimensions: 310×215 mm; written area 253×166 mm; 41 lines per page. Heavily deteriorated dark brown leather covers pasted over paperboards, both decorated with a central pasted yellow square medallion (partially detached, unrecognisable floral motif) and a yellow line running from its upper and lower angles to the upper and lower margins; the same medallion, on the flap. Type II binding.

Cont.:

astrology and geodesy. — Index: flyleaf with fragments from a fiqh-work (p. I); colophon of al-Aḥkām al-Jāmāspiyya, i.e. Ṭirāz al-dahr fī asrār al-khalq wa-l-amr fī l-aḥkām al-Jāmāspiyya ʿalā l-qirānāt al-ʿulwiyya wa-mā yadullu ʿalay-hi min al-nabawāt wa-l-milal (1r); Ptolemaica (1v-10v); extracts from Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. Qays b. Waḥshiyya, K. Ṭilasmāt (cf. Löfgren-Traini) (10v); extracts from Taqī al-Dīn b. ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Tamīmī, Manāfiʿ khawāṣṣ ayāt al-Qurʾān (10v, cf. Löfgren-Traini); astrological computations and a related horoscope (11r, cf. Prov.); Shams al-Dīn Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Ashʿarī al-Tihāmī, K. al-Tuffāḥa fī ʿilm al-misāḥa (12r-24r); Muʾayyid al-Dīn al-ʿUrḍī, R. fī Istikhrāj mā bayn markazay al-shams wa-mawḍiʿ awji-hā, defective (24v-26v); flyleaf with fragments from a fiqh-work (p. Ia). Blank: 11v.

Lit.:

Eugenio Griffini, Catalogo dei manoscritti arabi di nuovo fondo della Biblioteca Ambrosiana di Milano, Vol. I: Codici 1-475, Roma, 1910–1919, pp. 268-270; Oscar Löfgren and Renato Traini, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana, 4 vols, Vicenza: Neri Pozza Editore, 1975–2011, vol. II, p. 17; Franco Martorello and Giuseppe Bezza, Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf ibn al-Dāya. Commento al Centiloquio Tolemaico, Milano / Udine: Mimesis, 2013, pp. 33-34, 40-41.

1v‑10v

\1v\ ⟨…⟩ قال بطلميوس الحكيم قد قدّمنا لك يا سوري كتابًا في ما يؤثّره الكواكب في عالم التركيب كثيرة [[المع]] المنفعة في تقدمة المعرفة بعلمها ∴ وهذا الكتاب ثمرة ما اشتملت عليه تلك الكتب وقد حصّلناه مائة كلمة موجزة على الخصّ والتجريد منها وعرف وليس يميل إلى معرفة من لم ينعم النظر في جميع ما قدّمنا قبله من العلوم في علوم آخر من علوم الرياضة فكان سعيدًا — \ 10v\ ⟨…⟩ فهذا ما حضرني أيدك الله من تفسير كلمات بطلميوس وأرجو[[ا]] أن يكون مطا]بقًا لمعانيه مستوفيًا[ لشرحه والصواب لك أن يمنعه ممّا لا يؤثّر منه إلاّ التكثّر بملكه ويرى حصوله ∴ تمّ كتاب الثمرة المسمّى اقطرطسطا ومعناه المائة كلمة اختصرها بطلميوس من كتبه وكتب سائر الحكماء ⟨وقرّبها من فهم⟩ المرتاضين بهذه الصناعة الجليلة والعلم النفيس الدالّ على توحيد الله وجلاله وجبروته وعظمته لا مبدل⟨لكلمات الله⟩ ولا رادّ لحكمه وهو السميع العليم.

= Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf ibn Ibrāhīm ibn al-Dāya, Tafsīr Kitāb al-Thamara (C.3.0930), version with 100 verba. — Title: ⟨Kitāb al-Thamara li-Baṭlamiyūs al-malik al-ḥakīm ilā malik al-yūnāniyya Sūrā tafsīr Aḥmad b. Yūsuf al-miṣrī wa-huwa miʾat kalima mulakhkhaṣa, f. 1r. — Additional titles: Kitāb al-Thamara al-musammā ā-q-ṭ-r-ṭ-s-ṭ-ā, 10v. — Author’s colophon as transcribed above (additions in brackets based on the closely related manuscript Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, C 86); dated scribal colophon. Two marginal corrections by the main hand (ṣḥ, 5v, 7v), some more corrections in the body text (10r). No glosses. Partially trimmed marginalia. A different hand restored some damaged passages in the margin. Verbum 98 omitted and replaced by the first part of the corresponding commentary (Martorello-Bezza, p. 41).