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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Rampur, Raza Library, Arabic 4189

[Colour scanned images of the body text (outer margins cut off), covers and spine.]

Single work: Arabic. Date:

completed at the ‘fifth hour’ on Saturday 17 Shawwāl 1123/28 November 1711 (279r).


unknown; several unknown scribes.


a Shiite seal ‘yā Ḥusayn’ dated 1189/1775-6 (1r); a seal of Masīḥ al-Dawla dated 1206/1791-2 (1v and 279r) (ʿArshī); a seal of ʿAbd-hu (?) Aqā ʿAlī dated 1222/1807 (1r, trimmed); an ownership statement together with a seal of Muẓaffar Ḥusayn Khān Lakhnawī (1r); the year ⟨1⟩104/1692-3 (predating the colophon) and an erased seal (1r). Old shelfmark: ST 13624 in pencil (1r).


paper, 279 ff. (foliation with Hindu-Arabic numerals (Persian forms) in pencil between the first and second line of almost every folio (sometimes between lower lines), with some minor mistakes (e.g., 254 twice, 258 skipped) and ff. 3-6 in the order 4-3-6-5; earlier parallel foliation with Hindu-Arabic numerals (Persian forms) in pencil at the top left of the recto pages, often cut off from the scans or invisible due to restorations; catchwords on verso pages.) Apparently four main hands. First hand (1v = incipit page, 65r-82v, 149r-220v): a clear and fast nastaʿlīq in black, at times sloppy (especially ff. 200-220); titles and paragraph beginnings rubricated; regularly dotted ductus, almost no vowels, no final hamzas, no shaddas and frequent lām-alif mukhaffafa. Second hand (2r-65r): an angular black naskh written with a thick nibbed pen, very regular proportions; rubrication by hands I and III; dotted ductus with hamzas and no shaddas, occasional lām-alif mukhaffafa. Third hand (82v-148v and 244v-279r): a black naskh script, inconsistent style (at times neat, otherwise large letters with round elements and strongly elongated final nūn); titles, paragraph beginnings and abjad notation rubricated (probably by the same scribe); mostly dotted ductus, almost no vowels, no indication of final hamzas and shaddas, frequent use of lām-alif muḥaqqaqa. Fourth hand (220v-244v): elegant nastaʿlīq with round features and peculiar punctuation; rubrication apparently by hand I; fully dotted ductus, almost no vowels, regular indication of final hamzas, no shaddas. The scribes appear to have taken turns, which might indicate this codex was copied in a workshop. No tables, no horoscopes (spaces for horoscopes reserved on 235v, 238r and 239v). Dimensions: 242×175 mm; mostly 21 lines per page. All margins considerably restored; slight damage by insects, some dirt and ink stains; rebound in modern partial leather binding (red and purple), title and author provided on the spine. Type III binding.


astrology. — Index: Ptolemaica (1v-279r). Blank: 149r (missing from the scans).


Imtiyaz Ali Arshi, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in Raza Library, Rampur, Vol. V: Mathematics, Medicine, Natural Science, Agriculture, Occult Sciences, Ethics & Politics, Education & Military Science, Rampur: Raza Library, 1975, p. 476-477.


\1v\ ⟨…⟩ قال أبو الحسن وعلي (sic) بن رضوان بن جعفر المتطبّب: قصد أن نشرح أقاويل الحكيم بطلميوس في صناعة القضاء [...] بالنجوم على الحوادث. فنقول: إنّ القضايا النجوم على الحوادث صناعة تنبئ عن مبادئ صادقة بالمتكوّنات المزمعة وذلك أن مبادئها الصادقة هي أشياء تنبئ بعضها في العلم الطبيعيّ وبعضها في العلم التع⟨ا⟩لميّ — \279r\ ⟨…⟩ فهذه أشياء قد شرحتها لك فانعم النظر فيها وتأمّلها والله يهدي من يشاء إلى صراط مستقيم.

= ʿAlī ibn Riḍwān‎‎, Abū l-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī al-Miṣrī, Tafsīr al-Maqālāt al-arbaʿ fī l-qaḍāʾ bi-l-nujūm ʿalā l-ḥawādith (C.2.1050). — Title: Sharḥ Maqālāt arbaʿ fī l-qaḍāyā bi-l-nujūm Baṭlamiyūs (1r); — Additional titles: Sharḥ Arbaʿ maqālāt (1r). — Index: I.1 (=I), 1v-28v; I.2 (=II), 28v-58r; I.3 (=III), 58r-76r; II.1 (=IV), 77v-102v; II.2 (=V), 102v-130r; II.3 (=VI), 130r-148v; III.1 (=VII), 149r-171v; III.2 (=VIII), 171v-194v; III.3 (=IX), 194v-220v (221r sic); IV.1 (=X), 221r-241r; IV.2 (=XI), 241r-266r; IV.3 (=XII), 266r-276r. — No heading for the first book, incipit pages provided for each book. Book IV with authorial colophon and dated scribal colophon. Minor marginal corrections by the scribes. Further annotations probably lost due to the severe restoration of the margins.