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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Escorial, Real Biblioteca del Monasterio de San Lorenzo, ár. 914

[Colour scanned images of the body text, without covers or binding.]

Incomplete single work: Arabic. Date:

undated.

Or.:

unknown, probably al-Andalus; unknown scribe.

Prov.:

statement of ownership by Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Qurashī, known as Kalābada/Kalābara? (Ir); statement of purchase by Yūsuf b. Ibrāhīm al-Hārawī (131r); statement of ownership by Isḥāq b. Yūsuf? b. Dawud al-Isrā⟨…⟩ī (Ir); statement of ownership in Arabic by Francisco de Gurmendi (1r); old shelfmarks: 33 (1r), V.16 (1r) — Francisco de Gurmendi (d. after 1618, and probably on 31 March 1621) was interpreter and translator from Arabic, Turkish and Persian in the court of Philip III. He was allowed to keep to himself some books from the library of Muley Zīdān, which was captured in 1612 and which enlarged the holdings of the Escorial. On Francisco de Gurmendi, see José M. Floristán, ‘Francisco de Gurmendi, intérprete de árabe, turco y persa en la corte de Felipe III’, Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 211 (2014), pp. 357-375.

Cod.:

paper, I+131 ff. (foliated with Arabic-European numerals; foliated in Hebrew script on the top part of recto folios; no catchwords). A single very clear Andalusī hand in black; centered book headings in bold black; occasional initial words of new sections in bold; no rubrications. Fully dotted ductus; occasional vowels and sukūns; occasional shaddas and hamzas; abjad notation in the main body text given in full letter form (e.g. point bāʾ instead of point B). Substantial diagrams and tables; tables in black with abjad notation and labels in red; tables in red and brown. Dimensions: 265×205 mm; 23 lines per page. Frequent moisture stains and minor mold stains; worm-eaten; some minor restorations.

Cont.:

astronomy. — Index: a text in cursive Sephardi script (Ir); a table of the eastern abjad numerals (Iv); Ptolemaica (1r-131r); some figures with apparently a geomantic meaning (131v); Blank: 14v, 49bisr.

Lit.:

Miguel Casiri, Bibliotheca Arabico-Hispana Escurialensis sive Librorum omnium Mss. quos Arabicè ab auctoribus magnam partem Arabo-Hispanis compositos Bibliotheca Coenobii Escurialensis complectitur, recensio & explanatio, 2 vols, Madrid: Antonius Perez de Soto, 1760–1770, vol. I, p. 348 (no. CMIX); Hartwig Derenbourg and H.-P.-J. Renaud, Les Manuscrits Arabes de l’Escurial. Tome II. — fascicule 3: Sciences exactes et sciences occultes, Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1941, p. 13; Paul Kunitzsch, Der Almagest. Die Syntaxis Mathematica des Claudius Ptolemäus in arabisch-lateinischer Überlieferung, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1974, pp. 43-44 and 64; Paul Kunitzsch, Claudius Ptolemäus. Der Sternkatalog des Almagest. Die arabisch-mittelalterliche Tradition, 3 vols, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1986–1991, vol. I, p. 6.

1v‑131r

\1v\ ⟨…⟩ جمل المقالة الخامسة من كتاب بطلميوس وهي تسعة عشر نوعًا. النوع الأول في اتخاذ آلة يقاس بها الكواكب الثابتة. النوع الثاني في الأصول التي تعمل عليها في اختلاف القمر المضعف. النوع الثالث في معرفة مقدار اختلاف القمر الذي من قبل الشمس ⟨…⟩ المقالة الخامسة من المجسطي. النوع الأول في اتخاذ آلة يقاس بها الكواكب الثابتة. أما ما يحتاج إليه لاتصالات القمر بالشمس الذي يكون عند الاجتماعات — \130v\ ⟨…⟩ وأما للطول وهو حامل الشمس بعينه فعلى خمس وأربعين دقيقة من الحوت وأما البعد الأبعد من الفلك الخارج المركز فعلى جزء واحد و سدس جزء من الميزان من قبل أن الجزء من ما بين هذه السنين التي ذكرناها يحصل أربعة \131r\ أجزاء ونصف وثلث جزء بالتقريب وذلك مبلغ فضل الستة الأجزاء من الميزان التي وجدت بالرصد على الجزء والسدس وذلك ما أردنا أن نبين. تمت المقالة التاسعة من كتاب بطلميوس بحمد الله تعلى وحسن عونه.

= Ptolemy, al-Majisṭī (tr. Isḥāq b. Ḥunayn/Thābit b. Qurra) (A.1.2). — Title: Kitāb al-Majisṭī (1r). — Index: Book V, 1v-35v; Book VI, 36r-63v; Book VII, 63v-83v; Book VIII, 84r-102v; Book IX, 102v-131v. — Incomplete. Apparently the second volume of a three volume-set. Even though this manuscript transmits the Isḥāq/Thābit version, the star catalogue is taken from the version by al-Ḥajjāj. A pasted folio between ff. 49 and 50. Minor marginal corrections. No collations. Few marginal glosses in Hebrew.