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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Edinburgh, University Library, Or. 397

[Colour scanned images of the body text, without covers or binding.]

Collection of a main work and two short texts: Arabic. Date:



unknown, probably Persian because of one verse in Persian on f. 44r and occasional nastaʿlīq script in the main text and glosses; unknown scribes.


no statements of ownership or seals.


green paper (1r-148v) and white paper (150r-235v), 235 ff. (faulty foliation with Hindu-Arabic numerals in black beginning with folio 2r and skipping 144 and 150; faulty foliation in Arabic-European numerals on every fifth folio in pencil—the foliation followed by Hukk and here—beginning on folio 1r and subtracting one from the foliation in Hindu-Arabic numerals, thus skipping 143 and 149; catchwords). The manuscript consists of two different parts written on different types of paper and by two different main hands. The second part was probably copied to supplement the already existing first part since the number of lines and the dimensions of the text box are similar in both parts. The first part (1r-148v) on green paper in a mostly undotted tall naskh hand in black; book headings in black written in muḥaqqaq; chapter headings in red numbered with abjad numerals in black; paragraphs separated with red overline; hardly any shaddas and vowels, few hamzas; lām-alif muḥaqqaq; abjad notation in red; most diagrams lack abjad notation; when finished, diagrams in red with abjad notation in black, or in black with abjad notation in red; no tables; space for tables left blank; worm-eaten; minor moisture and mold stains; trimmed (44r). The second part (150r-235v) on white paper in a mostly fully dotted rounder naskh hand in black with a slight slant forward; an additional nastʿalīq hand on 195r, 196v, 198r-199r; book and chapter headings left blank; no shaddas and frequent hamzas, no vowels; lām-alif muḥaqqaq; abjad numerals in black partially overlined; substantial diagrams and tables; most diagrams lack abjad notation; when finished, diagrams in red with abjad notation in black; tables left empty with table lines in red; substantial blank spaces for missing tables; worm-eaten; moisture and mold stains. Dimensions: 244×130 mm, written area: 126×57 mm; 19 lines per page.


astronomy and medicine. — Index: Ptolemaica (1r-231r); a section on the degrees of medicines (⟨Risāla fī Tartīb al-adwiya⟩); Ptolemaica (233v-235r). Blank: 46v, 56r, 64v, 86r, 139r.


Mohammed Ashraful Hukk, Hermann Ethé and Edward Robertson, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Arabic and Persian Manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library, Hertford: Stephen Austin & Sons, 1925, p. 352; Mª José Parra, ‘A List of Arabic Manuscripts of Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī’, Suhayl 16–17 (2018–2019), pp. 251–322, here p. 309.


\2r\ يشوبه شيء خارج منه غيرها يحتاج إلى تقديمه في تيسير عسير أوحل أشكال وأشير إلى بعض ما استنبطه المحدثون أو ذهب إليه المتأخرون مما زادت النظريات به حسنا وبهاء — \231r\ ⟨…⟩ فلنختم الكتاب وأقول وإذا وقفني الله تعالى أيضا لإتمام ما قصدته وإنجاز ما وعدته، فلأقطع الكلام حامدًا له على الآية ومصليا على جميع أوليائه، خصوصا على خاتم أنبيائه، والتروة من آله وأحبائه. تمت.

= Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī (C.1.1250). — Index: author’s preface, 1r-1v; Book I, 2r-34r; Book II, 34v-56v; Book III, 57r-79r; Book IV, 79v-101v; Book V, 102r-117v; Book VI, 118r-139v; Book VII, 140r-148r; Book VIII, 148v-160v; Book IX, 160v-183r; Book X, 183r-190v; Book XI, 190v-204r; Book XII, 204r-214r; Book XIII, 214r-231r. — Acephalous. A long lacuna from IV.11 to V.12, probably a complete quire. The star catalogue in Chapters VII.5 and VIII.1 is missing, Book VIII begins in VIII.2. No scribal colophon. Collated manuscript with few marginal corrections and additional readings. Glosses mostly in two different nastaʿalīq hands indicated by either sigla hāʾ mulawwaza (ﻫ) or the number 12 in Hindu-Arabic numerals only in the first part of the manuscript (1r-148v). Marginal corrections in the second part of the manuscript indicated with letter ṣād. The fact that the sigla and hands of the marginal corrections and glosses differ in both parts of the manuscript may point to it having been made from two different sources, the second part probably being a supplement to an already existing first part.


\233v\ إن بطلميوس أخذ بالرصد في سنين متوالية مقدار الرجوع أعني الدرج التي يرجع فيها الکوکب من فلك البروج من الوقوف الأول إلی الوقوف الثاني — \235r\ ⟨…⟩ وسبب ذلك أن هذا البرهان لم يذكر في المجسطي ولم يشتهر اشتهارا غيره. تمت والحمد لله شكرا له.

= Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Faṣl fī l-Ṭarīq alladhī bi-hi ʿalima Baṭlamiyūs anna markaz al-ḥāmil fī kulli wāḥid min al-kawākib al-ʿulwiyya ʿalā muntaṣaf mā bayna markazay l-burūj wa-muʿaddil al-masīr (C.1.1301). — A section from Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī’s Nihāyat al-idrāk fī dirāyat al-aflāk II.8 on the possible empirical origin of Ptolemy’s equant. This section can also be found as an untitled independent work appended to Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī. There is no indication, such as a new title or basmala, that this is a different text from the preceding. It was written by the same hand as the second part of the manuscript. One diagram in red with no abjad notation. No glosses. On this section by Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, see Amir Mohammad Gamini and Hossein Masoumi Hamedani, ‘Al-Shīrāzī and the Empirical Origin of Ptolemy’s Equant in His Model of the Superior Planets’, Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 23 (2013), pp. 47–67, where this section is edited.