Project icon: lavishly furnished initial letter with a painting of Ptolemy using an astrolab.

Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

_ (the underscore) is the placeholder for exactly one character.
% (the percent sign) is the placeholder for no, one or more than one character.
%% (two percent signs) is the placeholder for no, one or more than one character, but not for blank space (so that a search ends at word boundaries).

At the beginning and at the end, these placeholders are superfluous.

Dublin, Chester Beatty Library, Ar. 3637

[Black and white microfilm scans of the body text.]

Collection of a main work, five short appendices and a map: Arabic. Date:

Tuesday 10 Shawwāl 691/23 September 1292 (first hand, scribal colophon, 164v); collation finished on 13 Shawwāl 691/26 September 1292 (164v).

Or.:

Shiraz; copied by Abū l-Maḥāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Turkistānī al-Arzawānī (?) in the Madrasa ʿAḍūdiyya, Shīrāz; copied from a copy in the hand of Badr al-Milla wa-l-Dīn al-Malaṭī from a copy in the hand of Quṭb al-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Shīrāzī (d. 710/1311) from an autograph (164v, the copy by the otherwise unknown al-Malaṭī was probably done when Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī was appointed judge of Malatya in the early 680s/1280s and points to an active patronage by Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī to disseminate Ṭūsī’s Ṭaḥrīr).

Prov.:

there may be statements of ownership on f. IIr, but the ink is fainted, and they are unreadable from the microfilm; a ṭughrāʾ erased with an ink blot, 167v; old shelfmarks: 1502 in ghubār numerals, and 637 and 745 in Arabic-European numerals (inside front cover).

Cod.:

paper, II+171 ff. (foliated on every fifth folio with Arabic-European numerals; catchwords). Three different hands; the first four works in a single clear black formal naskh hand almost fully undotted; the last two works in two different almost fully undotted naskh hands, the second hand with ligatures; initial basmala and some table headings in a sort of tawqīʿ musalsal with some round Kufic elements written with a broad pen; book headings in thuluth; chapter headings, abjad and Hindu-Arabic numerals, few glosses, geometric notation throughout the body text and in numerous figures, in red. No vowels. Substantial figures and tables. Dimensions: 186×130 mm; 25 lines per page. Type II binding.

Cont.:

astronomy. — Index: a list of intervals (fawt, pl. afwāt), sigla and dates: ‘fawt d fī yawm al-aḥad 15 ṣafar 1213, wa-fawt s 25 ṣafar 1213, wa-fawt j 29 ṣafar 1213, wa-fawt Muḥammad 4 rabīʿ al-awwal 1213, wa-fawt b 6 rabīʿ al-awwal 1213’ that may have been written down when making a new copy from this manuscript in 1213/1788 (Ir); a title which reads Kitāb al-Kāmil … shaykh Srlʿ (?) al-Karsakānī ʿalay-hi l-niʿama wa-l-riḍwān fī ʿilm al-ṭilimsanāt al-ʿajība wa-l-gharība (?) with a marginal note in English which reads: ‘This title … in no way connects with the book. It has been left blank by the scribe. The present writing is of a later time’ (IIr); Ptolemaica (1v-164v); Ptolemaica (165r-166r); Ptolemaica (166r-167r); Ptolemaica (167r-167v); Ptolemaica (168v and 171r); a schematic map showing the coastlines of the Horn of Africa, the Red Sea, the Arab Peninsula and the Persian Gulf (169v-170r); Ptolemaica (170v and 169r); seal and fainted drawing (171v). Blanks: IIv, 145r, 168r.

Lit.:

Arthur J. Arberry, The Chester Beatty Library. A Handlist of the Arabic Manuscripts. Volume III. MSS. 3501 to 3750, Dublin: Hodges, Figgis & Co., 1958, p. 52; François Charette, Descriptions of Arabic Scientific Manuscripts in the Chester Beatty Library in Dublin (unpublished draft version), Dublin: Chester Beatty Library, c. 2010, pp. 61-66; Mª José Parra, ‘A List of Arabic Manuscripts of Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī’, Suhayl 16–17 (2018–2019), pp. 251–322, here pp. 266-67 (no. 22).

1v‑164v

\1v\ ⟨…⟩ أحمد الله مبدأ كلّ مبدأ وغاية كلّ غاية ومفيض كلّ خير ووليّ كلّ هداية. وأرجو حسن توفيقه في كلّ بداية ونهاية. وأصلي على عباده المخصوصين بالعناية والدراية، سيما محمّد وآله الموسومين بالنبوّة والولاية، المنقذين من كلّ عماية وغواية. وبعد: فقد كنت برهة من الزمان عازمًا على أن أحرّر لنفسي ولسائر طلبة العلم من الإخوان كتاب المجسطي المنسوب إلى بطلميوس القلوذي الذي هو الدستور العظيم لأصحاب صناعة الهيئة والتنجيم تحريرًا لا يفوته مقاصد ذلك الكتاب النظرية — \164v\ ⟨…⟩ في خاتمة الكتاب، قال: وإذا تممنا جميع ما نفتقر إلى إرشاده من وجود ما يحتاج إلى وجوده وتصحيح ما يحتاج إلى تصحيحه إلا الشاذ بحسب ما وصل إليه علمي ومبلغ رائي وبقدر ما أعان الزمان عليه ودوّنا ما هو نافع في هذا العلم من غير أن قصدنا بذلك تكبرا أو افتخارا، فلنختم الكتاب. وأقول: وإذ وفقني الله تعالى أيضا لإتمام ما قصدته وإنجاز ما وعدته، فلأقطع الكلام حامدًا له على الآية ومصليا على جميع أوليائه، خصوصا على خاتم أنبيائه، والبررة من آله وأحبائه.

= Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī (C.1.1250). — Title: Kitāb al-Majisṭī, taṣnīf al-ḥakīm al-kāmil al-mukammil afḍal al-mutaqaddimīn wa-l-mutaʾakhkhirīn qudwat al-sālikīn al-muʿallim al-bāḥith Naṣīr al-milla wa-l-dīn al-Ṭūsī qaddasa Allāhu rūḥa-hu, 1r. — Additional titles: Kitāb Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī, 1r. — Index: author’s preface, 1v-2r; Book I, 2v-20v; Book II, 21v-35r; Book III, 35v-48r; Book IV, 48v-64r; Book V, 64v-82r; Book VI, 82v-94r; Book VII, 94v-102r; Book VIII, 102v-112r; Book IX, 112v-130r; Book X, 130v-135r; Book XI, 135v-144v; Book XII, 145v-153r; Book XIII, 153v-164v. One of the oldest copies of Ṭūsī’s Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī. — Authorial colophon with no date or place; scribal colophon; colophon by the scribe of the base manuscript (al-Malaṭī) also provided (164v). Substantial glosses throughout mostly of a highly technical tenor. Al-Turkistānī supplements his colophon with a note indicating that the glosses containing a hāʾ mulawwaza (ﻫ), which most of the glosses do, were found in his base manuscript (164v). Since the base manuscript seems to be patronaged, and probably owned, by Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, who may have sent it to Shīrāz, and since al-Malaṭī is an unknown scholar, it is very likely that most, if not all, of the glosses in the base manuscript were by Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī himself. In some parts of the work, the glosses in the base manuscript almost make up a small super-commentary; it remains to be studied to what extent these glosses made their way into al-Nīsābūrī’s super-commentary, since al-Nīsābūrī was Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī’s student, and to what extent they owe to Jābir b. Aflaḥ’s Iṣlāḥ al-Majisṭī, since al-Shīrāzī summarized Jābir’s work. Minor additional glosses in red. Marginal corrections consistently indicated with siglum ṣḥ. Al-Turkistānī also points out in the supplemented note to his colophon (164v) that glosses taken from other sources would be indicated in their place. On f. 25r, a table includes additional variants of values in red. A marginal gloss points out that these variants are taken from a copy in the hand of Abū Rayḥān (nuskha bi-khaṭṭ Abī Rayḥān).

165r‑166r

\165r\ ⟨…⟩ نريد أن نثبت اختلافات وقوع الخطوط في الأشكال التي تعرف منها أوضاع مراكز أفلاك عطارد في مسيراتها ومقادير أبعاد مركز التدوير عن مركزي العالم ومعدل المسير ومقادير اختلافه الأول بحسب الأبعاد المختلفة ومقادير أبعاده العظام أيضًا بحسبها التي هي غايات اختلافه الثاني — \165r\ ⟨…⟩ وتكون الأشكال بحسب مسير المركز بالحركة الوسطى مبتدئا من الأوج إلى التوالي هكذي.

= Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, Risāla fī 'khtilāf awḍāʿ marākiz aflāk ʿuṭārid fī masīrāti-hā wa-maqādīr abʿād markaz al-tadwīr ʿan markazay al-ʿālam wa-muʿaddil al-masīr (C.1.1250a). — After the explicit, there follow a set of figures on f. 165r, one table on f. 165v and two more on f. 166r. Short work usually appended to Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī devoted to the computation of the centers of the spheres of Mercury. No glosses.

166r‑167r

\166r\ ⟨…⟩ ليكن أبجده الحامل على مركز ي وقطر اب وح عليه نقطة خارجة عن المركز وجحد دحه زاويتان عليها فإن كانتا متساويتين كانت قوس ده الأوحية — \167r\ ⟨…⟩ فقد تبيّن بالاستقراء ولم يلخ لي طريق برهانيّ بعد إلى ذلك. والله الموفق. تمّت الرسالة بعون الله وتعالى.

= Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, Muqaddima nāfiʿa fī maʿrifat al-ikhtilāfāt allatī taḥduthu bi-sabab al-khurūj ʿan al-markaz (C.1.1250b). — Short work usually appended to Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī devoted to the computation of the anomaly caused by the eccentricity. No glosses.

167r‑167v

\167r\ ⟨…⟩ ا كوكب الرأس وب كوكب زحل وفي المجسطي لأوّل سنة من ملك أنطونينس طول ا — \167v\ ⟨…⟩ فخرج الطول زائدا على ما أخذه بطلميوس بسبع وعشرين دقيقة والعرض زائدا على ما أخذه بخمس وعشرين دقيقة. فعرفنا أنه قد تساهل فيه على التقريب دون التحقيق. والحمد لله ولي التوفيق الصلوة على رسوله ونبيه محمد الهادي إلى أقوم الطريق وعلى آله وأصحابه.

= Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, Fī shakl al-zuhara fī l-faṣl al-thānī min al-maqāla al-ʿāshira min al-Majisṭī (C.1.1250c). — Short work usually appended to Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī. No glosses.

168v and 171r

\168v\ ⟨…⟩ كل زمانين مساويين فإن وسط الشمس وهو متساو فيهما بالصرفة لا يخلو إما أن تكون أدوارًا تامة أو مع قوسين متساويتين إما لا اختلاف لهما — \171r\ ⟨…⟩ وظهر مما ذكر ما أنه لو اشترط في المدد المطلوبة الشروط التي ذكرها القدماء في مسير القمر لم ⟨...⟩ شيء مما ذكره بطلميوس من التحرّز والاستقصاء هذا. وأمّا الاستقصاء في الزمان الدوري فنحتاج إلى بسط قول بجمعها رسالة.

= Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Faṣl fī Kayfiyyat taḥṣīl al-zamān al-dawrī li-l-qamar ʿalā mā dhakara Batlamiyūs fī awāʾil al-maqāla al-rābiʿa min al-Majisṭī (C.1.1300). — A short work consisting of two pages in which Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī discusses the lunar period in anomaly. This work is the same as the next. Both works are disorderly bound, since the folios of this work and the next are exchanged. The first page of this work (168v) is followed by the last of the next, while the second page of this work (171r) follows the first of the next. A fully undotted naskh hand. The pages are numbered 1 and 2 in the outer upper corner in Arabic-European numerals. A scribal colophon in the next work attributes this work to Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī. This short work closely follows the beginning of Book IV of Jābir b. Aflaḥ’s Iṣlāḥ al-Majisṭī. Some sentences are quoted verbatim (cf. José Bellver, ‘Jābir b. Aflaḥ on the Four-Eclipse Method for Finding the Lunar Period in Anomaly’, Suhayl 6 (2006), pp. 159–248). Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī also summarized Jābir b. Aflaḥ’s discussion on the period of the lunar anomaly in his Fawāʾid min al-kitāb al-mawsūm bi-l-Majisṭī li-Ibn Aflaḥ. See MS Oxford, Bodleian Library, Thurston 3, 81v-82r. Even though they deal with the same topic, this short work and the related section in his Fawāʾid are different.

170v and 169r

\170v\ ⟨…⟩ كل زمانين مساويين فإن وسط الشمس وهو متساو فيها بالقربة لا يخلو إما أن تكون أدوارًا تامة أو مع قوسين متساويتين إما لا اختلاف لهما — \169r\ ⟨…⟩ وظهر مما ذكر ما أنه لو اشترط في المدد المطلوبة الشروط التي ذكرها القدماء في مسير القمر لم يحتاج إلى شيء مما ذكره بطلميوس من التحرز والاستقصاء هذا. وأمّا الاستقصاء في الزمان الدوري فنحتاج إلى بسط قول بجمعه فه رسالة.

= Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Faṣl fī Kayfiyyat taḥṣīl al-zamān al-dawrī li-l-qamar ʿalā mā dhakara Batlamiyūs fī awāʾil al-maqāla al-rābiʿa min al-Majisṭī (C.1.1300). — The same short work as the previous one also consisting of two pages. The work is disorderly bound, and the folios are exchanged with the previous one. The first page of this work (170v) is followed by the last of the previous work, while the second page of this work (169r) follows the first of the previous work. Written in diagonal lines. The pages are numbered 3 and 4 in the outer upper corner in Arabic-European numerals. Almost fully undotted naskh hand with ligatures. This hand is different from the one in the previous work. A scribal colophon attributes the authorship to his teacher (ustādhu-nā) and master (mawlā-nā) Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (169r). It cannot be concluded that the scribe is al-Turkistānī.