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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Cairo, Dār al-kutub, mīqāt 1054

[Colour scanned images of the body text.]

Single incomplete work: Arabic. Date:

unknown; c. 1100/1688 (King).

Or.:

unknown; probably Iran; unknown scribes.

Prov.:

a statement of ownership and seal dated 1199/1784-5; statement of ownership by ⟨…⟩ b. ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAlī b. ʿAlī b. Aḥmad (1r); two statements of ownership and seals by ʿAlī b. Shaykh Aḥmad b. Zayn al-Dīn, known as ʿAlī Nāqī al-Aḥsāʾī (d. 1246/1831), the son of the celebrated Shaykh Aḥmad al-Aḥsāʾī (1v, 2r); under the title, a price dū hazār ṣ., i.e. 2000 ṣāḥib qirān, is written (in 1241/1825-6, Fatḥ-ʿAlī Shah introduced the ṣāḥib qirān as coinage in Iran) (1r).

Cod.:

paper, I+103 ff. (unpaginated; catchwords). The manuscript consists of three different parts (1r-59v, 60r-91v, 92r-103v) written on different types of paper and with at least three different clear nastaʿlīq hands in black; the moisture stains show that the parts making up the manuscript have different sources and are not the result of three different scribes working in parallel on a single manuscript; nevertheless the written area and the number of lines are the same in all three parts, and thus the later parts of the manuscript may have been added to an already existing one. Book title in black; chapter captions in red, but in the third part (92r-103v) in black with red overlines. Almost fully dotted ductus; occasional vowels, most of which tanwīns, occasional hamzas and hardly any shaddas. No tables or diagrams. Dimensions: 170×100 mm, written area: 125×60 mm; 18 lines per page. Moisture stains and worm-eaten.

Cont.:

astrology. — Index: title page with two philosophical and religious reflections and the name Fāṭima written numerous times (1r); Ptolemaica (1v-103v). Blank: Iv.

Lit.:

Paul Kunitzsch, Fihris al-makhṭūṭāt al-musawwara fī Maʿhad Iḥyāʾ al-makhṭūṭāt al-ʿArabīya, juzʾ III: al-ʿulūm, qism 1: al-falak, al-tanjīm, al-mīqāt, Cairo: Arab League‎, 1958, p. 6; David A. King, Fihris al-makhṭūṭāt al-ʿilmiyya al-maḥfūẓa bi-Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣriyya, 2 vols, Cairo: General Egyptian Book Organisation, 1981–1986, vol. I, p. 179 and vol. II, p. 654 (no. 5/1/3); David A. King, A Survey of the Scientific Manuscripts in the Egyptian National Library, Winona Lake / Cairo: Eisenbrauns / The American Research Center in Egypt, 1986, p. 34 (B20).

1v‑103v

\1v\ ⟨…⟩ كتاب أربع مقالات في الأحكام بطلميوس إصلاح حنين بن إسحاق. جمل ما في المقالة الأولى في القضاء من النجوم على الحوادث. الباب الأول في صدر الكتاب. ب في أن تقدمة المعرفة التي تؤخذ من علم القضاء بالنحوم مدركة وأي مقدار منها يدرك ⟨…⟩ \2r\ كد في الاتصال والاحتراف وسائر القوى. المقالة الأولى من كتاب بطليموس في القضاء من النجوم. الباب الأول في صدر الكتاب. قال بطلميوس إن الأمور التي بها يكون تمام تقدمة المعرفة المأخوذة من علم النجوم يا سوري أعظمها وأجلها قدرا شيئان أحدهما وهو المقدم منهما في المرتبة وفي القوة العلم الذي به يدرك أشكال الشمس والقمر والكواكب الخمسة التي يحدث لنا بسبب حركتها. قال ثابت يريد بالأشكال حالات النجوم — \103v\ ⟨…⟩ وصاحب الأزمان للكلية مع صاحب الحدود لأن كل واحد من نده الكواكب قد تشاكل في نفس المولد مواضع الكواكب التي كان أمر التدبير.

= Ptolemy, al-Maqālāt al-arbaʿ (tr. Ibrāhīm ibn al-Ṣalt/Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq) (A.2.1). — Title: Kitāb Arbaʿ maqālāt fī l-aḥkām. Iṣlāḥ Ḥunayn b. Isḥāq (1v). — Index: author’s preface, 1v-2r; Book I, 2r-29r; Book II, 29r-52r; Book III, 52r-83v; Book IV, 84r-103v. — From the end of Chapter IV.9 onwards, the text is missing. Since this is the version corrected by Ḥunayn b. Isḥāq, this may be the translation by Ibrāhīm b. al-Ṣalt (see Manfred Ullmann, Die Natur- und Geheimwissenschaften im Islam, Leiden: Brill, 1972, pp. 282-83). At least the first ten chapters of Book I contain glosses by Thābit b. Qurra. These may be Thābit b. Qurra’s collection of glosses (jawāmiʿ) to Tetrabiblos I listed by Ibn al-Nadīm (al-Fihrist, [Cairo]: al-Maktaba al-tijāriyya al-kubrā/al-Maṭbaʿa al-raḥmāniyya, [1929], p. 374) and Ibn al-Qifṭī (Taʾrīkh al-ḥukamāʾ, ed. Julius Lippert, Leipzig: Dieterich’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1903, p. 118). Marginal corrections, collations and a couple of glosses all in the first part.