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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Cairo, Dār al-kutub, Khalīl Aghā mīqāt 5

[Black and white microfilm scans of the body text.]

Single work: Arabic. Date:

unknown; ca. 1250/1834 (King).

Or.:

unknown, probably Egypt; unknown scribe.

Prov.:

no statements of ownership or reading statements; endowment (waqf) statements dated 9 Dhū l-qaʿda 1292/7 December 1875 in favor of the Khalīl Aghā endowment and Khalīl Aghā seals under the titles of all four books (1r, 16r, 30r, 43r); numerous additional seals of the Khalīl Aghā endowment (2r, 5r, 10r, 14r, 20r, 25r, 34r, 37r, 41r, 44r, 48r, 51r); seal of the Dār al-kutub al-miṣriyya dated 1341/1922-3 (1r).

Cod.:

paper, 52 ff. (foliated with Hindu-Arabic numerals in the center bottom part of every folio; the foliation starts anew with every book, but the foliation given here runs continuously from beginning to end; catchwords). A single clear naskh hand. No general title page for the complete Kitāb al-arbaʿ, as the four books are considered as independent works. Rubricated book and chapter titles. Fully dotted ductus; occasional vowels; no hamzas or shaddas. No tables or diagrams. Dimensions: not provided; 29 lines per page.

Cont.:

astrology. — Index: Ptolemaica (1r-52r). Blank: 15r-15v, 42r-42v.

Lit.:

David A. King, Fihris al-makhṭūṭāt al-ʿilmiyya al-maḥfūẓa bi-Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣriyya, 2 vols, Cairo: General Egyptian Book Organisation, 1981–1986, vol. I, p. 643 and vol. II, pp. 654-55 (no. 5/1/3); David A. King, A Survey of the Scientific Manuscripts in the Egyptian National Library, Winona Lake / Cairo: Eisenbrauns / The American Research Center in Egypt, 1986, p. 34 (B20).

1r‑52r

\1v\ ⟨…⟩ قال بطليموس الحكيم: الكتاب الأول من كتب هذه الأربعة، سبعة وعشرون بابا، هي الأمر المعتمد عليه في القضاء على ما يكون وما هو آت، إن شاء الله. الباب الأول في صفة ما دعاه إلى وضع القضاء. قال: إن علم النجوم على وجهين: أحدهما العلم بمجار الشمس والقمر والكواكب الخمسة والكواكب الثابتة وضبط حركاتها بحكم الحساب في الطول والعرض وكسوف بعضها بعضا ومعرفة أجرامها وأبعادها من الأرض؛ والثاني العلم بطبائعها وأفعالها وما يحدث بسيرها وتنقلها. فلم نجد العلم الأول مستغنيا عن العلم الثاني فذلك الذي دعانا إلى أن وضعنا في القضاء كتابا مفردا — \52r\ ⟨…⟩ وأختم به كتابي هذا على أصل ما بلغه علمي وتجربتي وأحسن ما تهيأ لي القول فيه، إن شاء الله وبالله تعالى التوفيق. تمت كتب بطليموس في القضاء على دلائل النجوم.

= Ptolemy, Kitāb Arbaʿ maqālāt fī l-aḥkām (tr. al-Biṭrīq/ʿUmar ibn al-Farrukhān) (A.2.2). — Title: Kutub Baṭlīmūs fī l-qaḍāʾ ʿalā dalāʾil al-nujūm (52r). — Index: Book I, 1r-14v; Book II, 16r-29r; Book III, 30r-41v; Book IV, 43r-52r. — Hardly any corrections in the margins, and no collations or glosses. This version is different from the one in MS Cairo, Dār al-kutub al-miṣriyya, mīqāt 1054, containing a version corrected by Ḥunayn b. Isḥāq, which may be the one translated by Ibrāhīm b. al-Ṣalt. Therefore, the version in the present manuscript may be the translation by al-Biṭrīq, father of the famous translator Yaḥyā b. al-Biṭrīq (d. ca. 200/816), commissioned by ʿUmar b. al-Farrukhān (d. ca. 200/816) (on this translation, see Ibn al-Nadīm, al-Fihrist, [Cairo]: al-Maktaba al-tijāriyya al-kubrā/al-Maṭbaʿa al-raḥmāniyya, [1929], p. 381).